The following are locations to which program participants will either travel or that they will encounter in reference to program activities and facilities.
Chernogolovka was founded in 1956 and has nine research institutes, two specialized laboratories, and an instrument-making factory, all belonging to the Russian Academy of Sciences. Scientific facilities include the following:
Ekaterinburg is an industrial city surrounded by five formerly secret cities of the nuclear archipelago:
Location: Central Asia
Kazakhstan is an independent nation with extensive oil and gas reserves. Semipalatinsk was the site of above-ground nuclear testing. Kazakhstan has agreed to sell its stocks of weapons-grade uranium to the U.S.
The town of Turaevo is part of Lytkarino and contains experimental units of Moscow research institutes: Trial Centre on the Test and Operational Development of the Air Installation, Research Institute of Devices, and the Lytkarino Factory of Optical Glass.
Novosibirsk is a regional transportation hub. It is 28 km from Akademgorodok, an academic think tank. It has 23 academic institutes.
Location: Tomsk is 270 km northeast of Novosibirsk. It is near Tomsk-7, a weapons research center that was the site of a 1993 nuclear accident.
Sarov is a city near the atomic research center at Arzamas-16, which is the home of one of Russia’s largest nuclear research centers, the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (VNIIEF).
Snezhinsk, fifty miles south of Ekaterinburg, is the site of the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Technical Physics (VNIITF), a design center for nuclear weapons
The UEKhK is now Russia’s leading producer of low enriched uranium fuel for nuclear power stations. It originally produced weapons-grade uranuim, which it now reprocesses for use as fuel. Sverdlovsk-44 (now Novouralsk) grew up around the plant.