High Energy Density Hydrodynamics
Specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to, turbulent mixing, probing properties of high energy density (HED) matter through hydrodynamics, solid-state hydrodynamics at high pressures, new hydrodynamic instabilities, and hydrodynamic scaling.
Radiation-Dominated Dynamics and Material Properties
Specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to, radiative shocks, radiation waves and radiation transport, radiative cooling, opacities and equation of state, radiative instabilities, and radiation pressure.
Magnetized High Energy Density Plasma Physics
Specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to, basic properties of magnetized HED plasmas, coupled dynamics and atomic kinetics, phase transitions in the presence of high magnetic fields and current densities, ultra high magnetic fields and their measurements, radiation-dominated HED dynamo,
and radiation-dominated reconnection.
Nonlinear Optics of Plasmas and Laser-Plasma Interactions
Specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to, the interplay between coherent radiation and nonlinear states in HED plasmas, nonlinear-wave-particle interactions, multiple coexisting instabilities, broadband radiation in plasma, and quantum phenomena in plasmas.
Relativistic HED Plasmas and Intense Beam Physics
Specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to, relativistic laser and beam propagation, relativistic laser-solid interaction, ultrahigh energy density plasmas at the quantum electrodynamic (QED) limit, relativistic thermal plasmas, and relativistic shocks.
Warm Dense Matter
Specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to, phase transitions in and around the warm dense matter (WDM) regime, comprehensive theory connecting different WDM regimes, equation of state dependence on formation history, transport properties of warm dense matter, and quark-gluon plasma similarities to warm dense matter.
Diagnostics for HEDLP
Grant applications will be considered for the development of advanced diagnostic instruments, methods and experimental techniques, as discussed in the ReNeW report, to be developed at the home institution or on intermediate scale HED facilities, and that would, if the research is fruitful, have potential applications on large scale facilities e.g. the National Ignition Facility (NIF), the Z-machine at the Sandia National Laboratories, the Matter under Extreme Conditions Instrument (MECI) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.
Community Development Activities
Applications will be accepted for community-development activities, especially in the areas associated with the LINAC Coherent Light Source Materials under Extreme Conditions Instrument experimental end station at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (LCLS-MECI), the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment upgrade (NDCX-II) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and the National Ignition Facility at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Examples of community-development activities may include partial support for coordinating a series of workshops, a multi-institutional, broad-impact research effort in HEDLP science, a community-accessible platform for data sharing, and user-oriented support.