• The U.S.-Russia Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement (PMDA), which entered into force on July 13, 2011, commits each country to dispose of at least 34 metric tons (MT) of weapon-grade
  • In 1996, the Department of Energy (DOE) announced plans to reduce the proliferation threat from stockpiles of surplus highly enriched uranium (HEU) by down-blending, or converting, it to low
  • Since the end of the Cold War, significant quantities of plutonium and highly enriched uranium have become surplus to the defense needs of both the United States and Russia. The Office of Fissile