The Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), which has unique expertise in nuclear weapons and nuclear material, plays a key role in the U.S. government's comprehensive effort to secure high-priority radiological material.
The National Nuclear Security Administration is responsible for designing and maintaining a nuclear stockpile that is safe, reliable and effective in order to meet the national security requirements outlined by the President.
The primary goal of the W76-1 LEP is to extend the life of the Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) W76 warhead and to complete production no later than the end of fiscal year 2019.
Sweden has been a global leader on nonproliferation, and was one of the first countries to return highly enriched uranium based spent fuel under the U.S. Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel (FRR SNF) Acceptance Program, which began in 1996 as part of the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). NNSA has worked collaboratively with Sweden to remove all...
The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) helps convert research reactors around the world from the use of highly-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel as a crucial part of its nuclear security mission. Reactor Conversion is part of NNSA’s Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) to develop and implement technologies to minimize and, to the extent possible...
As one of the leaders in nuclear technology development, Belgium’s nuclear program has covered all aspects of nuclear fuel cycle including reprocessing and operated a reprocessing plant between 1966 and 1974.
Between the 1960s and mid-1980s, Italy had an ambitious nuclear power research program which included heavy water, boiling water, light water, and fast reactors. In 1979, Italy signed the NPT which reaffirmed its commitment to be nuclear weapons free.
Molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) is used to produce technetium-99m (Tc-99m), a medical isotope that is used in about 100,000 diagnostic medical procedures globally every day. Today, Mo-99 is produced at aging facilities in Europe, Canada and South Africa primarily using highly-enriched uranium (HEU) – a weapons-usable material.
At the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit, the United States, Mexico and Canada announced the successful removal of HEU from Mexico and conversion of the TrigaII Research Reactor to LEU. The HEU removal and reactor conversion were completed with international cooperation from Canada, Mexico and the United States and was supported by the IAEA.
For nearly two decades, the United States and Ukraine have cooperated on a broad range of nuclear security and nonproliferation issues. Ukraine has a long and significant history in supporting nuclear nonproliferation. Starting in 1990s, following the breakup of the Soviet Union, Ukraine voluntarily gave up its remaining nuclear weapons and joined the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty as...
The goal of United States Government’s nuclear security programs is to prevent the illegal possession, use or transfer of nuclear material, technology and expertise or radioactive material. Successful nuclear security relies on the integration of technology, policy, operational concepts and international collaboration to prevent acts of nuclear terrorism.
The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) helps convert research reactors around the world from the use of highly-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel to low-enriched uranium (LEU) as a key part of its nuclear nonproliferation mission. Reactor Conversion is part of NNSA’s Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) efforts to develop and implement technologies to minimize and, to the extent...
The Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) led the five-year effort by the U.S. Government and other International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Member States to strengthen the international guidelines for the security of nuclear material.
Under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards agreements, States are required to establish a “state system of accounting and control” (SSAC) to keep track of all nuclear material (quantity and type), note changes in material inventories (imports/exports), and monitor all material balance areas (for material use and/or processing) within safeguarded nuclear facilities.