Presented at the Media Briefing IAEA General Conference - NNSA's Nonproliferation Efforts
Presented by William Tobey, Deputy Administrator, NNSA - September 21, 2006
Presented at the Media Briefing IAEA General Conference - NNSA's Nonproliferation EffortsPresented by William Tobey, Deputy Administrator, NNSA
I’m Will Tobey, the Deputy Administrator for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation at the National Nuclear Security Administration of the U.S. Department of Energy.
Our job is to detect and prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Together with more than 70 countries, we work to secure and dispose of dangerous nuclear and radiological materials.
In a speech to the General Conference, Secretary Bodman highlighted the important work we do to prevent nuclear terrorism. I am here today to provide additional details about this work and take your questions.
Something particularly important we have been engaged in is the Bratislava Initiative. Established in February 2005 by Presidents Bush and Putin, this initiative ensures high-level direction for our nuclear security partnership.
In the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, we have intensified our efforts to keep nuclear material and nuclear weapons out of the hands of terrorists and other networks and states that sponsor them.
The NNSA has accelerated implementation of a four-pronged strategy to deny them materials, technology and the expertise needed to develop nuclear weapons. The first is:
1. Account for and secure nuclear material in Russia and the former Soviet Union.
2. Detect and prevent the movement or trafficking of weapons-usable technologies and useable nuclear materials.
3. Eliminate excess weapons-usable material.
4. Eliminate or consolidate vulnerable weapons-useable nuclear and radiological materials.
The fourth area is the Global Threat Reduction Initiative, which was launched nearly two and half years ago here in Vienna to identify, secure, remove and/or facilitate the disposition of high-risk vulnerable nuclear and radiological materials that could be used in improvised nuclear devices or so-called “dirty bombs.”
Since May 2004, GTRI has worked with the IAEA and our international partner countries to remove more than nine nuclear bombs worth of highly enriched uranium and secured more than 400 radiological sites around the world containing over 6 million curies, enough for approximately 6,000 dirty bombs.
Also under GTRI:
An additional priority of ours is to secure technological expertise through cooperation and alternate infrastructure development.
NNSA’s Global Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention program engages former nuclear, chemical and biological weapons experts in Russia and elsewhere. By redirecting these scientists into peaceful, commercially viable research, we reduce the financial incentives for working with proliferators, thus reducing the likelihood a terrorist organization will be able to recruit them.
I hope this has given you a good picture of what the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration is doing worldwide to make our world a safer place.
2006 IAEA General Conference